Siddhartha Gautama, the Lord Buddha, was born in 623 B.C. in the famous gardens of Lumbini, which soon became a place of pilgrimage. Among the pilgrims was the Indian emperor Ashoka, who erected one of his commemorative inscribed Ashoka pillars there. The inscription on the pillar is the oldest in Nepal. An important site for the history lovers and Buddhists, the site is one of the most visited site in Nepal. Bodhi Tree, Lumbini is a tree covered in prayer flags situated just beside the pond. People come here to make wishes in hope of them becoming true. They tie a flag around the tree per wish. The place is very peaceful and people generally do meditation there. Mayadevi Pond, Situated inside the Maya devi temple complex, is the place where Buddha’s mother used to take bath before giving him birth. It is also believed that the first bath of Siddhartha Gautama also took place here. Lumbini Museum,displays artifacts from Mauryan and Kushana periods. The museum possess religious manuscripts, metal sculptures and stamps from all over the world depicting Lumbini. Lumbini International Research Institute (LIRI), located opposite the Lumbini Museum, provides research facilities for the study of Buddhism and religion in general.
Lumbini is now being developed as a Buddhist pilgrimage centre, where the archaeological remains associated with the birth of the Lord Buddha form a central feature.
How to Reach:
The closest airport to Lumbini is at Bhairahawa , 22km from Lumbini. Regular flights from Kathmandu are available to the airport.
The closest and most reliable railway station is Gorakhpur, when anyone is going from India.
Buses between Lumbini and Sunauli / Gorakhpur is available. Taxi from Siddhartha nagar, or Mahrajganj or from kathmandu or Gorakhpur are available to reach Lumbini. The roads are in good conditions. However, in rainy seasons, due to landslides, roads can be in bad shape.