Main Office of the District
The head of the civil administration in the district is the District Officer who is designated as District Magistrate or Collector. His office has occupied a key position in the administrative set-up since the British rule in India.
The duties of the district Magistrate in the district as a guardian of public interests, the executive and the judicial functions with the exception of capital punishment inevitably blending into his duties.
After Independence, though the district magistrate continues to be the highest executive authority and the pivot of the entire general administrative machinery in the district, he is required to make maximum efforts for public welfare simultaneously.
As collector he is responsible for collection of land revenue and other government dues, for maintenance of land records and for providing relief, in the event of a natural calamity. The district treasury with its units functioning in tehsils is also under his charge. Each tehsil has a sub-treasury under the tehsildar concerned.
Five-year Plans provided for a unified direction and control at all administrative levels. All the departments engaged in development work, e.g. agriculture, animal husbandry, co-operatives, panchayats, minor irrigation and information have been placed under his general control. For day to day administration district development officer is posted at the district headquarters.
In his capacity as ex-officio district election officer, he conducts elections to the Lok Sabha (House of the People), Vidhan Sabha (State Legislative Assembly) and various local bodies. The district officer as head of the department of civil supplies in the district, ensures equitable distribution of food-grains and other essential commodities through a network of fair price shops and consumer stores. He is assisted by a district supply officer. The district soldiers’, sailors’ and airmen’s board is presided over by him and guided in matters pertaining to the welfare of ex-servicemen and serving soldiers of the district.